Diabetes health hub

We have a huge bank of information related to diabetes and associated conditions, so whether you need to find out more about the disease, learn how to manage it by changing your lifestyle or with medication or if you simply want to avoid it altogether, we are here to help.

The body uses a hormone made by the pancreas, called insulin, to break down sugar in the blood. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin altogether. In type 2 diabetes, the body cannot produce enough insulin to handle all the sugar in the body. Patients with an impaired glucose tolerance are considered pre-diabetic and should take action before type 2 diabetes takes hold.

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Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that typically develops in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes the body stops making insulin and the blood sugar (glucose) level goes very high. Treatment to control the blood glucose level is with insulin injections and a healthy diet. Other treatments aim to reduce the risk of complications and include reducing blood pressure if it is high, and to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Keep reading about type 1 diabetes Read more about:

Living with type 1 diabetes


Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and controls the level of sugar in the blood. People with type 1 diabetes no longer make their own insulin, but can manage their condition by injecting artificial insulin to control their blood sugar

Medicine information and usage instructions for insulin Advice for people with diabetes when unwell

Any illness or other type of stress will raise your blood sugar (glucose) levels. People with diabetes will not be able to produce more insulin to counteract this effect. Extra care needs to be taken with a patient with diabetes.

Diabetic retinopathy

If you have diabetes, it is vital that you have your eyes checked regularly. Having high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the retina which can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.

Pregnancy and diabetes

Pregnancy causes blood sugar levels to increase. Women with diabetes need to take extra care throughout their pregnancy and go for more frequent check-ups with their doctor.

Diabetic kidney disease

Having high blood sugar levels can damage the kidneys, causing them to leak abnormal amounts of proteins into the urine. Diabetic kidney disease can eventually lead to kidney failure.

First aid in diabetes

Diabetes is all about handling the highs and lows of life, but do you know the signs of high and low blood sugar? Learn how to spot them and how you can fix them.

Dealing with Hyperglycaemia (High Blood Sugar) Dealing with Hypoglycaemia (Low Blood Sugar) Red cross
The law and driving with diabetes

A drop in blood sugar can be disastrous in some situations. Dr Sarah Jarvis talks about where the law stands on driving with diabetes.

Find out more in our DVLA Guidelines section

Take control of your diabetes with our Diabetes Manager

Diabetes Manager allows you to track your essential diabetes data and tailors the app to you, whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Developed with our clinical knowledge, in collaboration with diabetes patients, our new free diabetes Manager app is now available to iPhone users.

Download from the AppStore

Staying healthy with type 1 diabetes

Having a healthy lifestyle and eating well is very important to those with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as it can help manage the disease. Follow these links for more information

Monitor your weight with our Weight Tracker app

If you are trying to lose or gain weight, keep track and analyse your progress with our new weight tracker app.

Available for iOS and Android

W Weight tracker mobile app
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Blogs and real life patient stories

Advanced topics on type 1 diabetes

These pages are aimed at medical professionals and you may find some of the language complex. However if you want more information on your condition, these articles are the best place to start

Antihyperglycaemic Agents used for type 2 diabetesGlucose tolerance tests
Assessment of the patient with established diabetesGlycated haemoglobin (HbA1c)
Audit of diabetes careManagement of type 2 diabetes
Diabetes diet and exerciseManaging impaired glucose tolerance in primary care
Diabetes education and self-management programmesMetabolic syndrome
Diabetes and Intercurrent IllnessPrecautions with patients with diabetes undergoing surgery
Emergency management of hypoglycaemiaPrevention of type 2 diabetes
Eye in systemic diseaseThe patient with newly-diagnosed diabetes