Dealing with Fractures

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This leaflet is created from first aid advice provided by St John Ambulance, the nation's leading first aid charity. This advice is no substitute for first aid training - find a training course near you.

A fracture is a complete or incomplete break or a crack in a bone, due to an excessive amount of force.

  1. Look for:
    • Swelling.
    • Unnatural range of movement.
    • Immobility.
    • Grating noise or feeling.
    • Deformity.
    • Loss of strength.
    • Shock.
    • Twisting.
    • Shortening or bending of a limb.
  1. Support and immobilise:
    • Support the injured limb.
    • Immobilise the affected part.
  1. Call for help:
    • Dial 999/112/911 for an ambulance.
    • Treat for shock.

A fracture may cause other internal injuries.

In addition to the treatment above, if the fractured bone ruptures the skin, treat for an object in wound.

Note: these hints are no substitute for thorough knowledge of first aid. St John Ambulance holds first aid courses throughout the country.


Adapted from the St John Ambulance leaflet: broken bones and fractures. Copyright for this leaflet is with St John Ambulance.

Original Author:
St John Ambulance
Current Version:
Peer Reviewer:
St John Ambulance
Document ID:
28663 (v1)
Last Checked:
Next Review:
Now read about Complications from Fractures

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