Performing these gentle sitting exercises designed for older people will help improve your mobility and prevent falls, and can even be done at home.
Don't worry if you've not done much for a while, these seated exercises are gentle and easy to follow.
For these chair-based exercises, choose one that is stable, solid and without wheels.
You should be able to sit with your feet flat on the floor and knees bent at right angles. Avoid chairs with arms, as this will restrict your movement.
Build up slowly and aim to gradually increase the repetitions of each exercise over time.
Try to do these exercises at least twice a week and combine them with the other routines in this series to help improve strength, balance and co-ordination.
This stretch is good for posture.
A. Sit upright and away from the back of the chair. Pull your shoulders back and down. Extend your arms out to the side.
B. Gently push your chest forwards and up until you feel a stretch across your chest.
Hold for five to 10 seconds and repeat five times.
Upper body twist
This stretch will develop and maintain flexibility in the upper back.
A. Sit upright with your feet flat on the floor, cross your arms and reach for your shoulders.
B. Without moving your hips, turn your upper body to the left as far as is comfortable. Hold for five seconds.
C. Repeat on the right side.
Do five on each side.
This exercise will strengthen hips and thighs and improve flexibility.
A. Sit upright and do not lean on the back of the chair. Hold on to the sides of the chair.
B. Lift your left leg with your knee bent as far as is comfortable. Place your foot down with control.
C. Repeat with the opposite leg.
Do five lifts with each leg.
This stretch will improve ankle flexibility and lower the risk of developing a blood clot.
A. Sit upright, hold on to the side of the chair and straighten your left leg with your foot off the floor.
B. With your leg straight and raised, point your toes away from you.
C. Point your toes back towards you.
Try two sets of five stretches with each foot.
This exercise builds shoulder strength.
A. Sit upright with your arms by your sides.
B. With palms forwards, raise both arms out and to the side and up as far as is comfortable.
C. Return to the starting position.
Keep your shoulders down and arms straight throughout. Breathe out as you raise your arms and breathe in as you lower them. Repeat five times.
This stretch is good for improving neck mobility and flexibility.
A. Sit upright with your shoulders down. Look straight ahead.
B. Slowly turn your head towards your left shoulder as far as is comfortable. Hold for five seconds and return to the starting position.
C. Repeat on the right.
Do three rotations on each side.
This stretch is good for loosening tight neck muscles.
A. Sitting upright, look straight ahead and hold your left shoulder down with your right hand.
B. Slowly tilt your head to the right while holding your shoulder down.
C. Repeat on the opposite side.
Hold each stretch for five seconds and repeat three times on each side.