March is Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month. Here the charity Ovarian Cancer Action busts some of the biggest myths surrounding the disease.
1. It's a silent killer
Ovarian cancer is often referred to as the silent killer as it's sometimes said to have no symptoms. This, however, is not true. The four main symptoms of ovarian cancer are persistent stomach pain, persistent bloating or increased stomach size, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly and needing to pee more frequently. These can happen to us all sometimes but the key is persistence. If the symptoms are unusual for you, and they don't go away, speak to your GP.
2. It doesn't affect young women
Ovarian cancer is not as well known as some other female cancers and there are a lot of myths surrounding this devastating disease. With more than 7,000 diagnoses, and 4,300 deaths, in the UK each year ovarian cancer is the fifth most common female cancer - and it's oft associated with women over the age of 50. Whilst it is true that some 80% of the women diagnosed each year are 50 plus, that leaves one in five who are younger.
3. Cervical smears will detect it
There is no routine test for ovarian cancer - a cervical smear won't detect the disease. The best way to detect ovarian cancer is by being symptoms-aware. If you suspect something is wrong, keep track of your symptoms. Download a symptoms diary at www.ovarian.org.uk/symptomsdiary to help.
4. It's the same as cervical cancer
Sadly, there are lots of different gynaecological cancers so it pays to be aware of each one. The five main gynaecological cancers are cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal and vulvar; and each has different symptoms. Get to know your body and speak to your GP if you suspect anything is wrong.
5. There's nothing you can do to reduce the risk
Evidence suggests that taking the contraceptive pill reduces your risk and a few lifestyle factors can increase your chances of developing ovarian cancer. These are smoking, obesity, giving birth to your first child after 30, not having any children, not breast-feeding, and using HRT. Other contributing factors include a family history of breast and ovarian cancer, getting older and having endometriosis.
6. BRCA only means breast cancer
A BRCA gene mutation (the same gene mutation Angelina Jolie has) is often discussed in the media alongside an increased risk of getting breast cancer. If you have a BRCA gene mutation, you have a 35-60% increase of developing ovarian cancer too. BRCA gene mutations can be hereditary. To explore your family history visit www.ovarian.org.uk/brcarisktool.
7. HPV vaccine helps
Unfortunately the HPV (human papilloma virus) vaccine does nothing in the way of preventing ovarian cancer. The vaccine, which is routinely given to girls aged 12 and 13 in England, protects against cervical cancer but there is currently no equivalent vaccine available to protect women from developing ovarian cancer.
8. Women who've had a hysterectomy can't get ovarian cancer
There are different types of hysterectomy. Usually the womb and cervix are removed and, in some cases, the Fallopian tubes and ovaries too. While removal of the ovaries reduces risk by 95%, there is still a 5% chance of ovarian cancer cells developing. You also risk developing primary peritoneal cancer, which is similar to ovarian cancer.
For more information visit www.ovarian.org.uk