Types of Food
- Fatty foods tend to stay in your stomach for longer because fats are slower to digest.
- Foods such as chocolate and mint may have a relaxant effect on the sphincter (ring of muscle) at the entrance to the stomach enabling acid to escape back.
- Stressors like fatigue, anxiety and lack of sleep may cause heartburn as they are draining for the body.
- Stressors like busy jobs can also cause heartburn and indigestion.
Types of drinks
- Caffeinated drinks and alcohol tend to increase acidity in your stomach.
- Very hot drinks and citrus juices may also be triggers.
- Spicy foods, onions and tomato products.
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy.
- The baby physically putting pressure on the woman's digestive tract.
Medicines can affect the unborn baby. Always talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking any medicine in pregnancy.
The way you eat
- Eating large meals can cause your stomach to produce too much acid. Physically 'overfilling' the stomach can also create pressure and cause acid to escape.
- Eating irregularly or too quickly can mean that acid levels in the stomach don't have time to regulate.
- Eating on the run or just before bedtime can make it easier for acid to escape back up into the oesophagus (food pipe).
- Some medicines, such as those for heart problems, asthma and high blood pressure.
- Being overweight.
- Wearing tight clothes which can put pressure on your stomach.
- Smoking can encourage acid production and cause the sphincter to relax.
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