Left Lower Quadrant Pain - Causes in pregnancy

Authored by Dr Jacqueline Payne, 08 Jul 2017

Patient is a certified member of
The Information Standard

Reviewed by:
Dr Helen Huins, 08 Jul 2017

Any of the other conditions already mentioned can cause pain in the left lower quadrant (LLQ) whether you are pregnant or not, so you should always get checked out.

Constipation 

  • Constipation is very common in pregnancy.
  • It gives you crampy lower tummy (lower abdominal) pains, often in the LLQ.
  • You will open your bowels less often than you usually do and typically you pass hard, pellet-like stools (faeces).

Pelvic ligament pain

  • Typically it starts around 14 weeks and goes on into late pregnancy.
  • It is due to the growing womb (uterus) pulling on the structures (round ligaments and broad ligament) which hold it in place.
  • Usually causes a stabbing pain down one or both sides of the tummy (abdomen) and sometimes down into the hips and genital area.
  • Pain can be quite marked.

You can read more about this in the separate leaflet called Common Problems in Pregnancy.

Urine infection

  • Urine infection is more common in pregnancy.
  • Usual symptoms are of pain when you pass urine and passing urine more often.
  • You may also get tummy pain and a high temperature (fever) and notice blood in your pee.
  • If you do get pain, it's usually across the lower tummy but can be on one side if you are developing a kidney infection (pyelonephritis).

See separate leaflet called Urine Infection in Pregnancy for more information.

Ectopic pregnancy

You should always see a doctor urgently if you think you might be pregnant and are experiencing LLQ pain. You could have an ectopic pregnancy.
  • An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that is not in the normal place.
  • Pain is often sudden and can be severe, but it can come on over a few days.
  • You may have missed your period but you can still have an ectopic pregnancy even if you think you have had a period.
  • Vaginal bleeding often happens but not always.
  • Occasionally you can get pain over the tip of your shoulder.

See separate leaflet called Ectopic Pregnancy for more information.

Left lower quadrant pain in later pregnancy

In later pregnancy, LLQ pain can be caused by a placental abruption or by going into labour. Placental abruption happens when there is bleeding between the afterbirth (placenta) and the lining of the womb. Labour is too soon (premature labour) if it happens before 37 weeks.

See separate leaflets called Premature Labour and Pelvic Pain in Women for more information.

Further reading and references

  • Cartwright SL, Knudson MP; Evaluation of acute abdominal pain in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2008 Apr 177(7):971-8.

  • Kim JS; Acute Abdominal Pain in Children. Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr. 2013 Dec16(4):219-224. Epub 2013 Dec 31.

  • Cartwright SL, Knudson MP; Diagnostic imaging of acute abdominal pain in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2015 Apr 191(7):452-9.

  • Manterola C, Vial M, Moraga J, et al; Analgesia in patients with acute abdominal pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Jan 19(1):CD005660. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005660.pub3.

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