Medication and Treatments

In this category our doctor-authored leaflets will cover all commonly prescribed medications used in the UK. They will describe what the medicines are used for, how they work (in simple, easy-to-understand language) and what side-effects may occur. If you have been prescribed a new medication recently and are wondering "What is a beta-blocker?", "Why is my doctor reluctant to give me a sleeping tablet?" or "Which contraceptive is best for me?" you will find the answer in this section.

Type 2 Diabetes TreatmentAbsolute Risk and Relative Risk
ACE InhibitorsAlpha-blockers
AminosalicylatesAntacids
Anthelmintics - Medicines for WormsAntibiotic Tablets for Acne
AntibioticsAnticoagulants
Antidiarrhoeal Medicines for Acute DiarrhoeaAntifungal Medicines
AntihistaminesAntihistamines - Interactions
Antihistamines - Side-effects and cautionsAntihistamines - Types
Antihistamines - UsesAnti-inflammatory Painkillers
Antipsychotic MedicinesAntispasmodic Medicines
Antithyroid MedicinesAntiviral Medication for Genital Herpes
Aspirin and Other Antiplatelet MedicinesBedwetting - Desmopressin
Benzodiazepines and Z DrugsBeta-blockers
Biological Medicines for Rheumatoid ArthritisBisphosphonates
Blood TransfusionBuprenorphine Replacement for Heroin
Bupropion (Zyban®)Calcium-channel Blockers
Chemotherapy with Cytotoxic MedicinesCholera Immunisation
Combined Oral Contraceptive (COC) PillContraception After Having a Baby
Contraception from 40 to the MenopauseContraception Guide
Contraceptive ImplantContraceptive Implant - Changing from other methods
Contraceptive Implant - How it works and who can have itContraceptive Implant - Insertion, monitoring and removal
Contraceptive Implant - Pros and cons and side-effectsContraceptive Injection
Contraceptive PatchCough Medicines
DecongestantsDisease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)
Drug AllergyDTaP/Polio/Hib Immunisation
Emergency ContraceptionEpilepsy and Pregnancy
Fingertip Units for Topical SteroidsFree or Reduced Cost Prescriptions
Generic vs Brand Name MedicinesH2 Blockers
Hepatitis A ImmunisationHepatitis B Immunisation
How to Use Eye DropsHow to Use Nose Drops
How to Use Your Eye OintmentHuman Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunisation
Influenza ImmunisationInhalers for Asthma (including Inhaled Steroids)
Inhalers for COPD (including Inhaled Steroids)Insulins
Intrauterine Contraceptive DeviceIntrauterine Contraceptive Device - Fitting, monitoring and changing
Intrauterine Contraceptive Device - How it works and who can have itIntrauterine Contraceptive Device - Pros and cons and side effects
Intrauterine SystemJapanese Encephalitis Immunisation
LaxativesLiquid Nitrogen Treatment
Local Preparations for Anal DisordersLoop Diuretics
MAOI AntidepressantsMedication after a Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
Medicines for Drug DependenceMedicines for High Blood Pressure
Medicines for HIV and AIDSMedicines for Nausea
Medicines for Urinary Urgency and IncontinenceMedicines to Prevent Migraine Attacks
Medicines to Treat Migraine AttacksMeningococcal Immunisation
Menopause - Alternatives to HRTMenopause and Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Methadone Replacement for HeroinMMR Immunisation
Moisturisers (Emollients) for EczemaMucolytics
Muscle RelaxantsName Changes of Medicines
Nicotine Replacement TherapyNitrates
Oral BronchodilatorsOral Steroids
Oral Steroids - Cautions and contraindicationsOral Steroids - Interactions
Oral Steroids - Side-effectsOral Steroids - Uses
Orlistat - Help With Weight LossOrlistat (Xenical®) Healthy Eating Guide
PainkillersPalliative Care
Palliative Care - How does it help?Palliative Care - What is it?
Palliative Care - Who provides it?Pelvic Floor Exercises
Peripheral VasodilatorsPneumococcal Immunisation
Polio ImmunisationPotassium-sparing Diuretics
Preventing Steroid-induced OsteoporosisPreventing Stroke When You Have Atrial Fibrillation
Progestogen-only Contraceptive Pill (POP)Proton Pump Inhibitors
Rabies ImmunisationRadiotherapy
Rubella ImmunisationSleeping Tablets
SSRI AntidepressantsStatins and Other Lipid-lowering Medicines
Steroid InjectionsSteroid Nasal Sprays
Stopping Benzodiazepines and Z DrugsStrong Painkillers (Opioids)
Tetanus ImmunisationThiazide Diuretics
Tick-Borne Encephalitis ImmunisationTopical Anti-inflammatory Painkillers
Topical Steroids (excluding Inhaled Steroids)Topical Steroids for Eczema
Topical Treatments For AcneTreating Your Infection (Public Health England)
Treatments for dementiaTricyclic Antidepressants
TriptansTyphoid Immunisation
Use of Oxygen Therapy in COPDUseful Medicines to Keep At Home
Varenicline (Champix®)Vertigo and How to Treat It
Why Wasn't I Prescribed Antibiotics?Yellow Fever Immunisation