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    Cardiac Transplant Professional

    Cardiac Transplant, Investigations [ 1 ] Exercise testing with measurement of maximum oxygen uptake is often used to make an objective assessment of the severity of cardiac dysfu...

    Jugular Venous Pressure Professional

    Constrictive pericarditis (JVP increases on inspiration - called Kussmaul's sign). Cardiac tamponade. Fluid overload - eg, renal disease. Superior vena cava obstruction (no pulsa...

    Ruptured Aortic Aneurysm Professional

    If bleeding occurs into the mediastinum, it can cause cardiac tamponade and rapidly be fatal. The patient will probably never reach hospital alive and the diagnosis is made post-mortem.

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X) Conditions

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X), What is cardiac syndrome X? Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is thought to be a type of angina . In CSX you feel chest pain when your ...

    Surgical Drains - Indications, Management and Removal Professional

    Further RCTs with larger patient numbers are required for different operations before definite conclusions can be made for all types of orthopaedic operations. [ 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ] Despite the p...

    Parenteral Feeding Professional

    Catheter-related complications [ 5 ] Immediate complications are mainly related to insertion and include haemorrhage, pneumothorax or haemothorax, arrhythmias or cardiac tamponade ....

    Heart in Systemic Disease Professional

    Pericardial effusion can further constrict the heart and cause cardiac tamponade. Cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy is discussed much more fully in the separate Cardiomyopathies arti...

    Ablation Therapy for Arrhythmias Professional

    Complications Cardiac complications - eg, high-grade atrioventricular block, cardiac tamponade, coronary artery spasm or thrombosis, pericarditis, valve trauma. , Atrial fib...

    Digoxin and the Cardiac Glycosides Professional

    Digoxin and the Cardiac Glycosides, Cardiac glycosides include digoxin, digitoxin, digitalis and ouabain. Of these, only digoxin is in regular use in the UK. , Atrial fibrillation ...

    Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Professional

    Other major complications are uncommon but include death (0.2% but higher in high-risk cases), acute MI (1%) which may require emergency CABG, stroke (0.5%), cardiac tamponade (0.5%) and syst...

    Aortic Stenosis Professional

    Aortic dissection. Cardiac tamponade. Postoperative aortic regurgitation and paravalvular leak. [ 18 , 19 ] Complications [ 6 ] Aortic valve disease will eventually lead ...

    Supraventricular Tachycardia in Adults Professional

    Systemic embolism. Cardiac tamponade . Rare complications include myocardial infarction , congestive heart failure , syncope , and sudden death . , Arrhythmias Cardiac ...

    Pulse Examination Professional

    Pulsus paradoxus: The pulse slows on inspiration in pulsus paradoxus and it can occur with pericardial effusion, constrictive pericarditis and severe pneumothorax, especially tension pneumothora...

    Oncological Emergencies Professional

    Other oncological emergencies include hypoglycaemia, pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, seizures, hyperviscosity syndrome (this is usually associated with Waldenström's macr...

    Acute Pulmonary Oedema Professional

    Left atrial myxoma . Cardiac tamponade . Aortic dissection. Cardiomyopathy - eg, peripartum cardiomyopathy. Drugs: myocardial depression (eg, alcohol), fluid retention (eg, no...

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X) Professional

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X), Synonyms: microvascular angina Microvascular Angina (previously known as Cardiac syndrome X (CSX)) is characterised by angina-like c...

    Cardiac Enzymes and Markers for Myocardial Infarction Professional

    Cardiac Enzymes and Markers for Myocardial Infarction, These assays may therefore define a high-risk patient population and may lead to more appropriate therapy and improved outcomes in these...

    Sudden Cardiac Death in Young People Professional

    Sudden Cardiac Death in Young People, Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an unexpected death due to cardiac causes occurring in a short time period (generally within one hour o...

    Trauma Assessment Professional

    Additional considerations to primary survey and resuscitation ECG monitoring : this can guide resuscitation by diagnosing dysrhythmias, ischaemia, cardiac injury, pulseless electrical a...

    Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms Professional

    Haemothorax. Cardiac tamponade (ruptures into the pericardium). An acute left to right shunt (aortopulmonary artery fistula). [ 12 ] Differential diagnosis This is wide,...