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    Swallowed Foreign Bodies Professional

    Pericarditis / cardiac tamponade . Tracheo-oesophageal fistula (especially swallowed button batteries in children).

    Gunshot Injuries Professional

    Risk is reduced by early drainage of haemothorax, wide debridement of damaged tissue, delayed closure of wounds, and use of prolonged antibiotics. Cardiac tamponade 15% of deep ...

    Pulmonary Embolism Professional

    Aortic dissection - especially as anticoagulation might be fatal. Cardiac tamponade . Pneumonia . Pneumothorax . Sepsis . Assessment [ 4 ] NB: treatment may preced...

    Q Fever Professional

    Haemodynamic problems could require valve replacement, and pericarditis can cause cardiac tamponade and require urgent intervention. Post-Q fever fatigue syndrome has been reported in up t...

    Cardiac-type Chest Pain Presenting in Primary Care Professional

    Cardiac-type Chest Pain Presenting in Primary Care, It is often difficult to be certain as to whether chest pain is of cardiac or non-cardiac cause. A full history should ...

    Cardiogenic Shock Professional

    Pericardial tamponade or severe constrictive pericarditis. Tension pneumothorax. Myocardial suppression due to bacteraemia or sepsis (although, strictly speaking, this may be defined as...

    Bradycardia Professional

    Pericardial tamponade. Adrenal insufficiency. Severe obstructive jaundice. Pleural or peritoneal stimulation.

    Syncope Professional

    Pericardial disease or tamponade. Pulmonary embolus or pulmonary hypertension. Cerebrovascular: Vascular steal syndromes - eg, subclavian steal syndrome.

    Acute on Chronic Kidney Disease Professional

    Other likely causes include: Renal hypoperfusion secondary to dehydration from diarrhoea, diuretics, surgery or cardiac failure, pericardial tamponade, aortic dissection or ren...

    Transposition of the Great Arteries Professional

    BAS may be associated with vascular trauma, atrial arrhythmias, atrial perforation and tamponade. Surgical The definitive corrective procedure is the arterial switch operation, ...

    Adult Cardiopulmonary Arrest Professional

    Give IV calcium chloride for hyperkalaemia, hypocalcaemia and calcium-channel blocking drug overdose. 4Ts: Tension pneumothorax (consider if trauma or previous attempts to insert a central v...

    Pacemaker Syndrome and Pacemaker Complications Professional

    Echocardiogram: to assess for lead position, pericardial effusion or tamponade, or lead fracture. Pacemaker assessment: Review triggering thresholds, lead impedance, and battery funct...

    Hypotension Professional

    Drugs such as narcotic analgesics, alcohol, some antidepressants and anxiolytics. Cardiac dysfunction - eg, arrhythmia, MI, aortic regurgitation, tamponade. Pulmonary embolism....

    Oesophageal Varices Professional

    Balloon tube tamponade (Sengstaken-Blakemore tube) Balloon tamponade should be considered as a temporary salvage treatment for uncontrolled variceal haemorrhage. [ 1 ] The ...

    Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Conditions

    The main reasons for carrying out a CABG procedure are to relieve symptoms of chest pain and to prevent further cardiac muscle from being starved of oxygen and the associated muscle death. ...

    Amniotic Fluid Embolism Professional

    Aggressive treatment of uterine atony medically with oxytocics, ergometrine and prostaglandins, and adjunctive techniques - eg, packing, tamponade or Rusch balloons. Cardiac outpu...

    Atrial Septal Defect Professional

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued detailed guidance and supports the use of this procedure. [ 16 ] Complication rates are low and estimated to be about 1.1% f...

    Resuscitation in Hypovolaemic Shock Professional

    Remember there are also other causes of shock : Cardiogenic - eg, massive myocardial infarction or other cause of primary cardiac (pump) failure. Obstructive - eg, massive pulmonary ...

    Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (includes Rockall Score) Professional

    Balloon tamponade should be considered as a temporary salvage treatment for uncontrolled variceal haemorrhage. [ 3 ] Oesophageal varices: Band ligation should be used for patients wi...

    Haemoptysis Professional

    Endobronchial balloon catheter tamponade. Laser photocoagulation. Surgical resection : Segmentectomy. Lobectomy.