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    Balanitis Professional

    It is present in approximately 11% of attendees at genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics. [ 1 ] Balanitis affected 5.9% of uncircumcised boys in one study and 14% in another. [ 2 ] Risk fa...

    Managing Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Primary Care Professional

    Impaired glucose tolerance, typically characterised by hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance, is considered to be a stage in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and a risk factor for ...

    Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Deficiency Professional

    Deficiency of the enzyme can cause persistent neonatal hypoglycaemia but failure of downregulation has also been linked with type 2 diabetes mellitus and, especially, maturity-onset diabe...

    Urine Ketones Conditions

    Urine is tested for ketones as part of monitoring of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Monitoring of ketones is important in all people with diabetes: When they feel unwell. , ...

    Neurological History and Examination Professional

    Gain in weight may have precipitated diabetes mellitus. Polyuria may suggest diabetes mellitus. Difficulty with micturition or constipation may be part of the neurological problem...

    Palmar Erythema Professional

    Secondary palmar erythema Liver cirrhosis and its many causes including alcohol abuse . [ 4 ] (Palmar erythema develops as a result of abnormal oestradiol levels.) [ 1 ] Hereditary liver ...

    Weight Loss (Unintentional) Conditions

    Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes occurs mainly in people aged over 40, although it can occur at younger ages. , Hyperthyroidism Type 2 diabetes mellitus Tuberculosis Dep...

    Urinary Frequency Professional

    Detrusor instability . Diabetes mellitus. Pregnancy. Prostate-related - eg, prostatitis, benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostate cancer. , Pregnancy Detrusor instability Benign pro...

    Glycosuria Professional

    Current National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance suggests that testing for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) should be offered to women who have the following risk ...

    Emergency Management of Hypoglycaemia Professional

    Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus in pregnancy is a risk for neonatal hypoglycaemia. Sepsis is also a risk for neonatal hypoglycaemia. , Type 1 diabetes mellitus Hypoglyca...

    Metabolic Syndrome Professional

    The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and American Heart Association (AHA) definition in 2009 was as follows [ 4 ] : Any three (or more) of the following factors constitute a diagnos...

    Diabetes and High Blood Pressure Conditions

    Diabetes and High Blood Pressure, High blood pressure is more common in people with diabetes. Around 3 in 10 people with type 1 diabetes and around 8 in 10 people with type ...

    Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Conditions

    Type 2 Diabetes Treatment, Most of the medicines for type 2 diabetes are given in tablet form. However, some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin injections to help cont...

    Type 2 Diabetes Diet Conditions

    Type 2 Diabetes Diet, The first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes involves making changes to your lifestyle, through diet, weight control and physical activity.

    Hypoglycaemia Professional

    Hypoglycaemia adversely affects quality of life in patients with diabetes [ 3 ] . Epidemiology Hypoglycaemia is uncommon in people without diabetes [ 2 ] . , Hypoglycaemia...

    Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) Professional

    Synonym: glycosylated haemoglobin Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) laboratory tests are used to diagnose diabetes mellitus and to assess control in diabetes mellitus. For further inf...

    Contraception and Special Groups Professional

    Other forms of hormonal contraception are category 1 or 2 and are considered safe to use. Diabetes mellitus [ 1 ] Women with diabetes with complications (nephropathy, retin...

    Thirst Professional

    Note that within the categories above there are some specific conditions - for example, the nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD) . [ 15 ] Investigations Renal function te...

    Sepsis (Septicaemia) Conditions

    People who have diabetes mellitus. People who have had severe burns. People who have problems with their immune system (the bodily system that fights infection).

    Colour Vision Deficiency (Colour Blindness) Conditions

    Much more rarely colour vision deficiency can develop later in life as a result of conditions such as: Thyroid eye disease . Diabetes mellitus . Cataracts . Glaucoma . ...