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    Acute Pulmonary Oedema Professional

    History: Check for a past history of relevant conditions - eg, coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, diabetes. Review current medication. Ask about smoking and alcohol us...

    Diagnosing the Tropical Traveller Professional

    Comorbidity, such as diabetes, long-term steroidal therapy, chronic kidney disease and malignant lymphoma also increase the risk.

    Vestibular Neuritis and Labyrinthitis Professional

    Cardiovascular risk factors including smoking, diabetes, hypertension and previous stroke all increase the likelihood of the symptoms being due to a TIA or a stroke.

    Asperger's Syndrome Professional

    Various environmental factors may also contribute to ASD, including: Prenatal factors such as advanced parental age, exposure to teratogens (eg, thalidomide, maternal anticonvulsants such as val...

    Ultrasound Scanning - Non-obstetric Professional

    Glomerulonephritis or systemic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, or autoimmune diseases result in kidneys that are hyperechogenic (and so a brighter grey) and the k...

    Anorexia Nervosa Professional

    Problems managing pre-existing chronic diseases which involve dietary control, such as diabetes or coeliac disease. Other physical features include: In women, amenorrhoea for thre...

    Sarcoidosis Professional

    Bell's palsy and lymphocytic meningitis are common manifestations of neurological involvement but diabetes insipidus is also seen. The following symptoms are encountered relatively co...

    Ventricular Septal Defect Professional

    VSD is also more likely with diabetes in pregnancy . [ 5 ] It can occur with fetal alcohol syndrome . [ 6 ] There may be an association with maternal use of cannabis. [ 7 ] P...

    Intrauterine Contraceptive Device Professional

    Any copper IUCD sited in a woman aged over 40 years, can be safely left in situ until the menopause , even though it is unlicensed for that duration. [ 5 , 7 ] It can be appropriate for many oth...

    Intrauterine System Professional

    It can be appropriate for many other women, including those who traditionally offer contraceptive challenge, such as obese women, women with diabetes or epilepsy, women with migraine and wome...

    Pancreatic Exocrine Tumours Professional

    Risk factors [ 2 ] The main risk factors are smoking, diet (high BMI, red meat intake, low fruit and vegetables intake), diabetes and alcohol intake [ 3 ] . Chronic and hereditary p...

    Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension Professional

    Myopia. Diabetes. Positive family history: incidence increases x 2-4 for those with an affected sibling.

    Diuretics Professional

    The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) showed that use of chlortalidone was associated with higher fasting glucose levels and rates of developing ...

    Cirrhosis Professional

    Insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes. Hypertension. Hyperlipidaemia. Presentation Cirrhosis is often asymptomatic until there are obvious complications of liver disease....

    Autistic Spectrum Disorders Professional

    Various environmental factors may also contribute to ASD, including: Prenatal factors such as advanced parental age, exposure to teratogens (eg, thalidomide, maternal anticonvulsants such as val...

    Asylum Seekers and Refugees Professional

    Chronic health issues which have been neglected - eg, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, malnutrition. There is an increased risk of peptic ulceration.

    Primary Open-angle Glaucoma Professional

    Other factors - myopia (short-sightedness) and retinal disease (eg, central retinal vein occlusion , retinal detachment and retinitis pigmentosa ) can predispose individuals to POAG. Diabete...

    Optic Disc Swelling (including Papilloedema) Professional

    Patients tend to be in the 45-65 age group and predisposing factors include hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, collagen vascular disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, sudde...

    Abnormal Gait Professional

    Neuropathic disorders can arise from: Diabetes. Alcoholism (also see under 'Psychiatric disorders', below). HIV. Toxin exposure.

    Refraction and Refractive Errors Professional

    Patients at risk of visual impairment (eg, patients with diabetes, those with cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma or a significant family history of these) should have eye examinations ...

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