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    Knees That Swell Professional

    Sudden onset of pain and swelling (within 12 hours) with a history of trauma: Suggests a traumatic haemarthrosis, and damage within the joint. Haemarthrosis is increasingly ...

    Haemophilia B (Factor IX Deficiency) Professional

    In acute haemarthrosis, X-ray does not add much but after years of recurrent haemarthrosis there is usually evidence of joint destruction.

    Elbow Injuries and Fractures Professional

    This often requires aspiration of a haemarthrosis with the instillation of local anaesthetic for pain relief. If there is significant wrist pain and/or central forearm pain, there may be a...

    Elbow Joint Replacement Professional

    Osteoarthritis follows recurrent haemarthrosis. Anyone who has taken blood from a person with haemophilia will have noticed that extension of the elbow is usually well short of 180°.

    Knee Fractures and Dislocations Professional

    Fractures vary from slight cracks to multiple breaks. Haemarthrosis can be associated. Patellar fracture may be: Stable (all bone parts fully aligned).

    Hot Swollen Joints Professional

    Is there any history of trauma? Haemarthrosis usually develops rapidly after an episode of trauma and results in a swollen painful joint.

    Haemophilia A (Factor VIII Deficiency) Professional

    This should begin before the occurrence of a second joint bleed or significant soft tissue bleed (associated with possible reduced risk of development of haemarthrosis in later life). Dose...

    Acute Monoarthritis Professional

    Steroid use is also associated with avascular necrosis. Haemarthrosis is more likely in those with a bleeding disorder or taking anticoagulants. Previous attacks of arthritis suggest a ...

    Bleeding Disorders Professional

    Joints for haemarthrosis. Rectal or vaginal examination may be appropriate. Comparing coagulation factor and platelet defects [ 15 , 16 ]   Coagulatio...

    Knee Assessment Professional

    Swelling: rapid swelling (0-2 hours) suggests haemarthrosis which may, for example, be due to fracture, ACL or PCL rupture, and patellar dislocation.

    Purpuric Rashes Professional

    As a general rule, purpura indicates a problem of the platelet system whilst a deficiency of clotting factors will cause haematomas or haemarthrosis as in haemophilia. Nevertheless, clotting ...

    Von Willebrand's Disease Professional

    [ 2 ] Classification of hereditary types Types of hereditary von Willebrand's disease (vWD) Type of vWD Epidemiology - percentage of all cases...

    Acute Polyarthritis Professional

    The table below shows the findings in the more common causes of arthritis: Synovial fluid changes in common causes of monoarthritis [ 9 ] Normal Appearance: clear,...

    First Aid in General Practice Professional

    There are signs of haemarthrosis. There is a large intramuscular haematoma. A complete or severe muscle tear is suspected.

    Joint Injection and Aspiration Professional

    Trauma: haemarthrosis, fracture. Very unstable joint - eg, Charcot joint. Impending (scheduled within days) joint replacement surgery.

    Complications from Fractures Professional

    Damage to surrounding tissue, nerves or skin. Haemarthrosis. Compartment syndrome (or Volkmann's ischaemia). Wound Infection - more common for open fractures.

    Meniscal Tears and Other Knee Cartilage Injuries Professional

    If swelling is rapid in onset (0-2 hours) this may be due to a haemarthrosis or a large tense effusion when the tear is associated with a significant ligament injury.