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    Mycoplasma Genitalium (Mgen) Conditions

    Mgen is caused by a tiny bacterium called Mycobacterium genitalium . It infects the urogenital tract, which means the vagina, womb (uterus) and Fallopian tubes and urethra in women, and the ...

    Buruli Ulcer Professional

    Synonyms: Bairnsdale ulcer, Daintree ulcer, Mossman ulcer, Searl ulcer, Kakerifu ulcer, Toro ulcer Buruli ulcer is a chronic, indolent, necrotising disease of the skin and soft tissue caused by ...

    Complications of HIV Infection Professional

    Further research is needed to determine whether or not such therapy reduces the incidence of TB infection and overall mortality in children with HIV. [ 6 ] Mycobacterium avium complex [...

    Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis Professional

    Hot tub lung - exposure to Mycobacterium avium in poorly-maintained hot tubs. [ 6 ] Chemical worker's lung - trimellitic anhydride, diisocyanate and methylene diisocyanate act as th...

    BCG Immunisation Conditions

    BCG (bacillus Calmette-Guérin) immunisation is used to protect against tuberculosis (TB). It contains a small number of modified TB germs (bacteria). BCG immunisation stimulates body def...

    Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia Professional

    Differential diagnosis Bacterial or viral pneumonia Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex infection Atypical pneumonia Pulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma Tuberculosis ...

    Abdominal Pain Professional

    Abdominal tuberculosis - usually ileocaecal. Disseminated Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAI) - usually in AIDS patients, affecting the jejunum or small bowel; severe abdom...

    Fungal Lung Infections Conditions

    People with a weakened immune system from other illnesses like HIV, tuberculosis, or cystic fibrosis are those who are most affected by fungal lung infections. People who take medications ...

    Haematospermia Conditions

    Stones in the urinary tract (urinary calculi). Tuberculosis . Liver cirrhosis . Severe hypertension . Conditions that cause abnormal bleeding - for example, haemophilia.

    Gastrointestinal Malabsorption Conditions

    Infection - for example,  intestinal tuberculosis , traveller's diarrhoea . Immune deficiency  - for example,  HIV infection . Pancreatic insufficiency - for exampl...

    Night Sweats Conditions

    Infections Most infections can cause a high temperature (fever) with some sweating; however, a fever at night causing night sweats is more common with certain types of infections. Tuberculosis...

    Bronchiectasis Conditions

    Generally the cause is something that has created infection or inflammation in the lungs: A bad infection with tuberculosis . A bad dose of pneumonia . A blood clot in the lungs...

    Adrenal Insufficiency and Addison's Disease Professional

    AIDS patients [ 5 ] Can have cytomegalovirus (CMV) necrotising adrenalitis; also, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare and cryptococcal infection. Adrenal tests are commonly abnorma...

    Pleural Effusion Conditions

    The following are some of the more common causes of a pleural effusion (but there are other rarer causes too): Lung infection (pneumonia) , tuberculosis , and cancers may cause inflam...

    Loss of Appetite Conditions

    This includes short-term infections (such as flu , common colds , urine infections, chest infections , tummy bugs, etc) and more long-lasting infections such as tuberculosis (TB)  or...

    Erythema Nodosum Conditions

    See the separate leaflet called Sarcoidosis for more details . Tuberculosis (TB) . This is a bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs. In addition to causing the symptoms of inf...

    Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Conditions

    Diagnose conditions such as sarcoidosis or tuberculosis . Diagnose cancer outside the bronchi. 'Stage' cancer by taking tissue samples from the lymph nodes. , Bronchosc...

    Mediastinoscopy Conditions

    A sampling of lymph nodes may diagnose infectious processes such as tuberculosis and fungal infections . Benign (non-cancerous) mediastinal cysts can be taken out using mediastinoscopy....

    Weight Loss (Unintentional) Conditions

    But, occasionally, the first symptom that is noticed with infections such as tuberculosis or HIV is weight loss. Hookworm infection of the gut is another example where weight loss may be ...

    Coughing up Blood (Haemoptysis) Conditions

    Often no further tests are needed if the haemoptysis is clearly linked to the infection and then goes. Tuberculosis (TB) infection of the lung used to be a very common cause of haemoptys...