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    Moebius Syndrome Professional

    Most cases are sporadic mutations, but an autosomal dominant transmission has been described (chromosome 13). [ 1 ] Risk factors Misoprostol, ergotamine, and chorionic villus sampling have be...

    Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita Professional

    Cytogenetic studies may be required Associated diseases Other problems can develop as a result of fetal akinesia: Polyhydramnios Pulmonary hypoplasia Micrognathia Ocula...

    Lentigo Professional

    A number of lentigo-associated conditions can occur: LEOPARD - lentigines, electrocardiographic conduction defects, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonary stenosis, abnormal genitalia, restr...

    Ocular Local Anaesthetics Professional

    Ocular Local Anaesthetics, Choice of anaesthetic in ocular surgery [ 8 ] The choice of anaesthetic in ocular surgery depends on the procedure, the patient and, to a less...

    Ocular Diagnostic Preparations Professional

    Ocular Diagnostic Preparations

    Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension Professional

    Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension, Assessments are the same for glaucoma patients and those with - or suspected to have - ocular hypertension (see 'Ocular hypertension...

    Fetal Anticonvulsant Syndrome Conditions

    Wide spacing between the eyes, known as hypertelorism. Poor growth of nails and digits. Poor development of the middle of the face.

    Albinism Conditions

    Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) involves the eyes, hair and skin. Ocular albinism (OA), which is much less common, involves only the eyes, while skin and hair may appear similar or slightly lig...

    Migraine Conditions

    Commonly, children who have abdominal migraine switch to develop common migraine in their teenage years. Ocular migraine , sometimes also called retinal migraine, ophthalmic migraine or e...

    Eye Problems Conditions

    See separate leaflet called Chronic Open-angle Glaucoma. Ocular hypertension In both types of glaucoma the pressure in the eye is increased. In AACG this causes pain and loss of vision...

    Chronic Open-angle Glaucoma Conditions

    Raised eye pressure without glaucoma is called ocular hypertension . As a rule, if your eye pressure is high you have an increased risk of developing glaucoma and visual loss.

    Myasthenia Gravis Conditions

    This is known as ocular myasthenia and affects 1 in 7 people with myasthenia gravis. Muscles around the face and throat are also often affected.

    Vitreous Haemorrhage Conditions

    It may result from: Tumours of the back of the eye (most commonly ocular melanoma). Fragile new blood vessels behind the retina. Posterior vitreous detachment is usually exp...

    Thyroid Eye Disease Conditions

    Medicines In the early phase of the disease and where the disease stays mild, artificial tears (ocular lubricants) may be enough. If the disease progresses, you may need immunosupp...

    Rosacea Conditions

    Eye symptoms (also called ocular rosacea) occur in about half of cases but are often mild. They can include: A feeling of something in your eye.

    Visual Problems (Blurred Vision) Conditions

    In addition, after a bad attack of ocular shingles, you can be at risk of sudden-onset (acute) glaucoma (see below). Acute glaucoma Acute glaucoma is a sudden rise in the pressure ins...

    Uveitis Conditions

    These include leukaemia , lymphoma and ocular malignant melanoma - but all are rare causes of uveitis. How common is uveitis and who develops it?

    Macular Degeneration Conditions

    Another test called ocular coherence tomography is becoming more commonly used. This is a non-invasive test that uses special light rays to scan the retina.

    Squint in Children (Strabismus) Conditions

    This is called binocular vision (bi- means two and ocular means related to the eye). The brain combines the signals from the two eyes to form a three-dimensional image.

    Conditions Affecting the External Eye Professional

    This is the wide separation of the medial canthi despite normally positioned orbits (contrast this with hypertelorism: the actual orbits are widely separated). This may be an isolated phenome...

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