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    Ankle Injuries Professional

    Past medical history - eg, osteoporosis or metabolic bone disease. Drug history - eg, long-term corticosteroid use. Examination [ 1 ] Inspection: Note whether the patient...

    Physical Training Professional

    Reduction in the risk of osteoporosis (certain forms of exercise). Enhancement of smoking cessation . [ 4 ] Reduction of falls and fractures in the elderly (improved balance).

    Examination of the Spine Professional

    Common causes of a fixed regular kyphosis are senile kyphosis (may be associated with osteoporosis, osteomalacia or pathological fracture), Scheuermann's disease and ankylosing spondyliti...

    Shingles and Shingles Vaccination Professional

    Steroids should be avoided in people with: Hypertension Diabetes mellitus Peptic ulcer Osteoporosis Caution is required where prescribing for elderly patients, who are at...

    Neurofibromatosis Professional

    Be vigilant about the possibility of osteoporosis. Neurological problems Neurological complications develop from tumours and malformations, including aqueduct stenosis.

    Epilepsy in Adults Professional

    Studies have suggested that women with epilepsy are at increased risk of fractures, osteoporosis and osteomalacia. [ 6 ] Increased mortality rate: SUDEP. Deaths due to accidents ...

    Myeloma Professional

    Lytic bone lesions, osteoporosis, or pathological fractures. Smouldering myeloma Both criteria must be met for diagnosis: Serum M protein (IgG or IgA) ≥30 g/L or urinary M p...

    Prevention of Falls in the Elderly Professional

    These include: Weak bones With increasing age, conditions which predispose to weakness and fracture occur - for example: Osteoporosis Osteomalacia Paget's disease of bone...

    Contraception - General Overview Professional

    Consider other contraceptive options in women with other risk factors for osteoporosis. Menstrual irregularities common in women using this method, with irregular bleeding being a commo...

    Diabetic Foot Professional

    A Charcot foot is a neuro-arthropathic process with osteoporosis, fracture, acute inflammation and disorganisation of foot architecture. Suspected Charcot neuro-arthropathy of the foot is an ...

    Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma) Professional

    Other complications Depression . Osteoporosis - due to reduced blood flow. Hypothyroidism may be associated. Pregnancy [ 22 , 23 ] Successful pregnancy is possible...

    Abnormal Liver Function Tests Professional

    Bony metastases (ALP is not usually raised in myeloma or osteoporosis without fracture). Occasionally, the liver enzymes (eg, ALP, GGT, AST or ALT)  may all be similarly ...

    Vitamin D Deficiency including Osteomalacia and Rickets Professional

    Differential diagnosis The radiographic appearance of osteomalacia may be normal or similar to findings noted with osteoporosis . The differential diagnosis of generalised osteopeni...

    Abnormal Gait Professional

    Loss of function caused by disease is of greater impact than age-related change, but it will be superimposed on that caused by age and thus both may contribute to a failure of mobility. [ 3 ] W...

    Chronic Kidney Disease Professional

    Offer bisphosphonates if indicated for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in people with a GFR of 30 ml/minute/1.73 m 2 or more. Vitamin D supplements in the management of CKD...

    Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes Professional

    Osteopenia/osteoporosis. Blue sclerae. Hernia (umbilical or inguinal). Pectus deformity. Marfanoid habitus.

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