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    Rheumatoid Arthritis and the Lung Professional

    They are typically benign but can lead to pleural effusion, pneumothorax, haemoptysis, secondary infection, and bronchopulmonary fistula. Caplan's syndrome [ 3 ] :  S...

    Diagnostic Imaging and Scans Professional

    Vascular - diagnosing deep vein thrombosis; varicose veins Lungs - diagnosing pneumothorax . Please see the separate  Ultrasound Scanning - Non-obstetric  article for m...

    Bornholm Disease Professional

    Myocardial infarction or pericarditis . Pneumothorax . Tietze's syndrome . Muscle strain or chest trauma. Shingles . Other causes of upper abdominal pain or subco...

    Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators Professional

    Pleural effusion and pneumothorax. Device dysfunction/malfunction of the generator. Additionally, some people, for whom defibrillation is initiated while they remain conscious, repor...

    Parenteral Feeding Professional

    Catheter-related complications [ 5 ] Immediate complications are mainly related to insertion and include haemorrhage, pneumothorax or haemothorax, arrhythmias or cardiac tamponade ....

    Cardiac Tamponade Professional

    Tension pneumothorax . Large pleural effusion . Tension pneumopericardium: usually seen in infants with mechanical ventilation but also may follow sternal bone marrow aspiration, pene...

    Dyspnoea in Palliative Care Professional

    Causes of dyspnoea Potentially reversible or partially reversible with further treatment Infection Bronchoconstriction Pleural or pericardial effusion Pneumothorax Pulmonary ...

    Langerhans' Cell Histiocytosis Professional

    Lungs - pulmonary LCH [ 4 ] Nonproductive cough, dyspnoea pleuritic pain or spontaneous pneumothorax. Abnormal CXR showing a reticular-micronodular pattern. Nodular/cystic patte...

    Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Professional

    About 10% of patients may present rather later than birth, even into adult life. [ 8 , 9 ] These are the least severe and prognosis is much better. [ 10 ] Differential diagnosis Pneumo...

    Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia Professional

    The use of serum (1→3) beta-D-glucan levels (high in PCP) is being investigated as a diagnostic test. [ 12 ] PCR can be used for early diagnosis of PCP in HIV-infected patients. [ 13 ] Radi...

    Swallowed Foreign Bodies Professional

    Pneumomediastinum can present similarly, where there is a pneumothorax into the mediastinal portion of pleura. Investigations Blood tests are usually unhelpful, with the exception of...

    Pulse Examination Professional

    Pulsus paradoxus: The pulse slows on inspiration in pulsus paradoxus and it can occur with pericardial effusion, constrictive pericarditis and severe pneumothorax, especially tension ...

    Croup Professional

    Pulmonary oedema , pneumothorax , lymphadenitis and otitis media have also been reported. Inability to maintain adequate fluid intake may lead to dehydration .

    Airways and Intubation Professional

    It has been used amongst first responders in North America successfully [ 7 ] but its use in the pre-hospital setting can also be associated with serious complications such as aspiration pneumonitis, ...

    Acute Severe Asthma and Status Asthmaticus Professional

    Primary pulmonary hypertension . Pneumothorax with or without asthma. Inhalation injury . Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) .

    Pneumonia Professional

    Pleural effusion. Pneumothorax. Pulmonary embolus. Asthma. COPD. Bronchiectasis. Fibrosing alveolitis.

    Marfan's Syndrome Professional

    Lungs - pleural rupture causing pneumothorax Eyes - lens dislocation, closed-angle glaucoma, high myopia. Skeleton - arachnodactyly, hypermobility, arthralgia, joint instability, finger...

    Acute (Adult) Respiratory Distress Syndrome Professional

    Indications for ventilation [ 7 ] Severe hypoxaemia: PaO 2 : <60mm Hg (8.3 kPa) despite 0.6 FiO 2 PaCO 2 : >45mm Hg (6 kPa) The large tidal volumes (10-15 mL/kg) pr...

    Adult Cardiopulmonary Arrest Professional

    Give IV calcium chloride for hyperkalaemia, hypocalcaemia and calcium-channel blocking drug overdose. 4Ts: Tension pneumothorax (consider if trauma or previous attempts to insert a ...

    Hyperhidrosis Professional

    Sympathectomy (division of the sympathetic chain over the neck of the ribs under general anaesthesia) is the most commonly performed procedure: [ 2 ] Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy: sympathec...