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    Urinary Tract Infection in Adults Professional

    Preterm delivery and infants with low birth weight. Anaemia . See also the separate  Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection , Urinary Tract Infection in Children , Lower Urinary ...

    Escherichia Coli O157 Professional

    Monitor for features of HUS (oliguria, oedema and weight gain, pallor; monitor blood count, platelets, renal function and electrolytes). Avoid antidiarrhoeal drugs and opioid analgesics.

    Epidermolysis Bullosa Professional

    Monitor height and weight on centile charts. Albumin may be low. If available, DNA mutation analysis may be performed. [ 12 ] When a family has had gene mapping it is possible to ma...

    Neonatal Examination Professional

    Fetal, neonatal and infant history, including any previously plotted birth weight and head circumference. Whether the baby has passed meconium and urine (and urinary stream in a boy).

    Bronchiolitis Professional

    Risk factors for severe disease and/or complications: Prematurity (<37 weeks) Low birth weight Age less than 12 weeks Chronic lung disease (eg, cystic fibrosis, bronchopulmo...

    Kawasaki Disease Professional

    Long term antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapies will be required, usually aspirin with either warfarin or low molecular weight heparin. Complications Sudden cardiac death . Myoca...

    Hypertension in Pregnancy Professional

    The women with 'true' hypertension were delivered one week earlier and had babies of lower birth weight, although the caesarean section rate, small-for-gestational-age rates and perin...

    Hypertension Professional

    Risk factors [ 1 ] Modifiable risk factors include: Excess weight. Excess dietary salt intake. Lack of physical activity. Excessive alcohol intake.

    Insulin Regimens Professional

    As a summary, the evidence so far suggests that: Rapid-acting insulin analogues may improve postprandial hyperglycaemia and reduce hypoglycaemia. [ 10 ] Long-acting insulin analogues may red...

    Pulmonary Embolism Professional

    Anticoagulation therapy [ 4 ] Offer a choice of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or fondaparinux to patients with confirmed PE, with the following exceptions: For patients wit...

    Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction Professional

    Prophylactic doses of a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and compression stockings should be used for prevention. Treatment should be with therapeutic doses of LMWH, followed by oral an...

    Pain Control in Palliative Care Professional

    Episodic/incident pain Bony pain due to metastases in the spine, pelvis or femora, exacerbated by walking or weight-bearing can be particularly problematic. Opioids plus NSAIDs are t...

    Chlamydial Genital Infection Professional

    Of infection during pregnancy Premature rupture of membranes , preterm delivery and low birth weight. Postpartum endometritis . Neonatal ophthalmic infection/pneumonia. ...

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine Professional

    (Cochrane review shows no benefit on six-month quit rates compared to other treatments or no treatment. [ 38 ] )  Weight control. Irrational fears and phobias. Stress management...

    Acute Pulmonary Oedema Professional

    Thrombo-embolism prophylaxis (eg, with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)) is recommended in patients not already anticoagulated and with no contra-indication to anticoagulation, to reduce ...

    Deep Vein Thrombosis Professional

    Anticoagulation Offer a choice of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or fondaparinux to patients with confirmed proximal DVT or PE, taking into account comorbidities and contra-indicat...

    Congenital Throat Problems Professional

    Haemangiomas and vascular malformations [ 8 ] Haemangiomas are the most common of all congenital abnormalities: the incidence is 0.3-2% at birth (their incidence increases in preterm or low birth-...

    Acute Coronary Syndrome Professional

    Factors associated with high bleeding risk include advancing age, known bleeding complications, renal impairment and low body weight. Management [ 6 ] Treatment includes antithrombot...

    Hormone Replacement Therapy (including Benefits and Risks) Professional

    Women with progestogen side-effects (eg, fluid retention, mood swings, weight gain) can have the progestogen dose halved or the duration of taking progestogen reduced to 7-10 days.

    Ambiguous Genitalia Professional

    Monitoring for this (eg, weight, potassium, glucose) is important. Long-term management As well as achieving early diagnosis and emergency treatment of complications, there are longer...