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    Cardiac Catheterisation Conditions

    Cardiac Catheterisation, What is cardiac catheterisation? A catheter is a thin, flexible, hollow tube. Cardiac catheterisation is a procedure in which a very thin plastic...

    Cardiac Enzymes Conditions

    Cardiac Enzymes, Cardiac enzymes are substances released by the heart muscle when it is injured - for example, during a heart attack or a severe case of angina. , cardiac...

    Cardiac Tamponade Professional

    Cardiac Tamponade, Cardiac tamponade is caused by the accumulation of blood, fluid, pus, clots, or gas in the pericardial space, resulting in reduced ventricular filling and subsequent haem...

    Cardiac Transplant Professional

    Cardiac Transplant, Investigations [ 1 ] Exercise testing with measurement of maximum oxygen uptake is often used to make an objective assessment of the severity of cardiac dysfu...

    Cardiac Rehabilitation Professional

    Cardiac Rehabilitation, It has been thought for many years that all patients, regardless of gender or age, who have coronary heart disease and/or cardiac failure, might benefit from ...

    Cardiac Catheterisation Professional

    Cardiac Catheterisation, Cardiac catheterisation with a venous or arterial long-line catheter allows: Injection of radio-opaque dye for angiography. , arrhythmias coronary...

    Cardiac Tumours Professional

    Cardiac Tumours, Epidemiology Primary cardiac tumours are rare and account for 5-10% of all cardiac tumours. [ 2 ] Metastases to the heart from other primary cancers are 30 times mo...

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X) Conditions

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X), What is cardiac syndrome X? Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is thought to be a type of angina . In CSX you feel chest pain when your ...

    Digoxin and the Cardiac Glycosides Professional

    Digoxin and the Cardiac Glycosides, Cardiac glycosides include digoxin, digitoxin, digitalis and ouabain. Of these, only digoxin is in regular use in the UK. , atrial fibrillation ...

    Cardiac Disease In Pregnancy Professional

    Cardiac Disease In Pregnancy, Therefore, women with pre-existing cardiac disease and those who present with cardiac disease during pregnancy require specialist assessment an...

    Nuclear Cardiology and Other Cardiac Scans Professional

    Nuclear Cardiology and Other Cardiac Scans, However, developments in other cardiac imaging modalities (eg, cardiac CT, cardiac MRI and echocardiography) have raised...

    Sudden Cardiac Death in Young People Professional

    Sudden Cardiac Death in Young People, Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an unexpected death due to cardiac causes occurring in a short time period (generally within one hour o...

    Cardiac Enzymes and Markers for Myocardial Infarction Professional

    Cardiac Enzymes and Markers for Myocardial Infarction, These assays may therefore define a high-risk patient population and may lead to more appropriate therapy and improved outcomes in these...

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X) Professional

    Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X), Synonyms: microvascular angina Microvascular Angina (previously known as Cardiac syndrome X (CSX)) is characterised by angina-like c...

    Cardiac-type Chest Pain Presenting in Primary Care Professional

    Cardiac-type Chest Pain Presenting in Primary Care, It is often difficult to be certain as to whether chest pain is of cardiac or non-cardiac cause. A full history should ...

    Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Conditions

    The main reasons for carrying out a CABG procedure are to relieve symptoms of chest pain and to prevent further cardiac muscle from being starved of oxygen and the associated muscle death. ...

    Pericarditis Conditions

    This is called cardiac tamponade and is a life-threatening problem unless the fluid is quickly drained. Severe breathlessness can develop quickly within minutes or hours.

    Hyponatraemia Conditions

    Increase in body fluid (hypervolaemia) Cardiac failure. Cirrhosis - liver fibrosis. Kidney failure. No abnormalities of body fluid (euvolaemia) - resulting in excess ant...

    Congestive Heart Failure Conditions

    This is also known as cardiac resynchronisation therapy. These different devices have dramatically altered the treatment of heart failure in selected cases and have improved both the outlo...

    Exercise Tolerance Testing Conditions

    The scans that can be done for the heart include: A cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the heart . A computerised tomography (CT) coronary scan - also called CT coron...

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