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    Dysphagia Professional

    Dysphagia, Dysphagia is defined as difficulty in swallowing. It is usually associated either with pharyngeal or oesophageal disease. [ 1 , 2 ] There is a spectrum of possible aet...

    Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia) Conditions

    Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia), This leaflet discusses the main causes of dysphagia. What is dysphagia? Dysphagia is the medical word for difficulty in swal...

    Globus Sensation Conditions

    Sometimes it can be very difficult to tell the difference between globus sensation and dysphagia. As mentioned above, one clue could be that unlike someone with dysphagia, someone wi...

    Oesophageal Strictures, Webs and Rings Professional

    In addition to webs, rings and strictures there are abnormalities of peristalsis, such as achalasia of the cardia, that may cause dysphagia. Presentation History Presenting feat...

    Plummer-Vinson Syndrome Professional

    Synonyms: Paterson-Brown Kelly syndrome, Paterson-Brown-Kelly syndrome, Waldenström-Kjellberg syndrome, sideropenic dysphagia, sideropenic nasopharyngopathy. Introduction Plummer-...

    Inclusion Body Myositis Professional

    Diminished deep tendon reflexes. Dysphagia. Mixed myopathic and neurogenic changes on electromyography. It is an underdiagnosed condition as it occurs mainly in the elderly, with ...

    Globus Sensation Professional

    Differential diagnosis The differential diagnoses are the causes of true dysphagia. See separate article Dysphagia for further details. Investigations [ 1 ] Globus i...

    Retropharyngeal Abscess Professional

    Presentation Acute retropharyngeal abscess presents with severe sore throat, dysphagia, trismus, stridor, dribbling of saliva, and a high fever. It may rapidly progress to airway obstru...

    Oesophageal Spasm Professional

    It is found in about 3-10% of patients undergoing oesophageal manometry. [ 2 ] Presentation May be diagnosed following investigation of non-cardiac chest pain or dysphagia. Sym...

    Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Professional

    Most often, it affects the thoracic spine, especially on the right side. [ 2 ] Presentation Clinical features vary from monoarticular synovitis to dysphagia and even airway obs...

    Pharyngeal Pouch Professional

    Presentation The usual presenting features are dysphagia, regurgitation, aspiration, chronic cough and weight loss. [ 4 ] Usually there are no clinical signs but there may be a lump in th...

    Speech Therapy - An Introduction Professional

    Again, the authors noted that further research is needed. [ 11 ] Likewise, more evidence is required to support the use of interventions for childhood apraxia of speech and dysarthria associated with...

    Achalasia Professional

    Presentation The most common presenting feature is dysphagia. This affects solids more than soft food or liquids. Food bolus impaction [ 6 ] . Regurgitation may occur in 80-90% an...

    Otalgia (Earache) Professional

    Other red flags include weight loss, voice change, lymphadenopathy and dysphagia. Management Analgesia. Treat the underlying cause. If no cause is found, consider re-reviewin...

    Nasoendoscopy Conditions

    Problems with swallowing ( dysphagia ). Breathing problems during sleep ( obstructive sleep apnoea ). What happens during a nasoendoscopy? , Nasal polyps Sinusitis Laryngeal can...

    Eosinophilic Oesophagitis Professional

    In adults, dysphagia and food bolus obstruction are common presenting symptoms, often accompanied by heartburn and chest pain.

    Gastric Cancer Professional

    Presentation [ 5 ] Nonspecific with dyspepsia, weight loss, vomiting, dysphagia and anaemia. Early gastric cancer often has symptoms suggesting a benign aetiology. 70% of patients w...

    Gastrointestinal History and Examination Professional

    Elucidation of specific points The following are important aspects of the history, which require clarification: Dysphagia What does difficulty in swallowing mean? Dysphagia...

    Chiari Malformations Professional

    Compression of the hindbrain can cause weakness, paraesthesia, ataxia, cranial nerve palsies, dysphagia, dysphasia, palpitations, syncope, apnoea and sudden death. Problems of the spinal c...

    Oesophageal Cancer Conditions

    The earliest symptom is often difficulty with swallowing (dysphagia). In general, the more advanced the cancer (the more it has grown and spread), the less chance that treatment will be cur...

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