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I am a reasonably fit 30 year old male. I am 5'9", vegetarian, 19% body fat, 160lbs. My work is sedentary but otherwise, I am very active (Workout, running, playing a sport all the nice stuff).
Unfortunately, life had something else planned for me and at 30, I am facing a flurry of issues that doctors are not able to explain except attribute it to "genetics". One of the many issues is my blood pressure. I consistently read over 120/80 (clearly pre-hypertensive) but I don't know if I am hypertensive yet. I take weekly readings first thing in the morning and I always read anywhere between 125-130/80-85 (more common) to 135-150/85-90 (less common). I have tried every thing (low sodium, low fat, high fibre, low saturated fats) but nothing has worked yet.
1. What is the right way to know if I am hypertensive? How many readings and at what times of the day should I take to conclude if I am hypertensive? Is it just one reading over 140/80 or consistently over 140/80?
2. What is the right procedure to measure blood pressure? How many readings should I take each time I sit down?
2. I have noticed sometimes that subsequent readings with 1-2 minutes break results in more than 10 points difference in systolic (most of the times on the lower side). For example, todays readings were 139/86 and 127/82. Is this common? What causes such big variance?
4. How often do you calibrate and replace home blood pressure meters? When I am visiting the doctor, my reading is never below 140/80. Ofcourse they just take one reading. Does this mean my home meter is bad?
Appreciate your help.
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