Rapid posterior capsular opacification

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A recent preprint of possible interest on the topic of rapid posterior capsular opacification ...

Background: Negative dysphotopsias (ND) are visual aberrations associated with in-the-bag optic intraocular lens (IOL) placement, causing arc-shaped or linear shadows. Reverse optic capture (ROC) is employed to prevent ND, yet it poses the risk of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) which usually develops within 2-5 years post-surgery due to the lens epithelial cells (LECs) proliferation and migration onto the posterior capsule. This can lead to a cloudy or hazy appearance in the visual field. Early identification of posterior capsular opacities is crucial to ensure timely intervention and minimize visual impairment. Cases Presentations: Two cases of acute and rapidly progressive PCO following cataract extraction (CE) and IOL placement using the ROC technique to prevent ND are reported at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute. At the two-week postoperative follow-up, both patients reported a significant progressive decrease in vision in the treated eye, and severe posterior capsular opacities were observed. A diagnosis of PCO was confirmed, and successful visual rehabilitation was achieved through the performance of ND:YAG laser capsulotomy without complications. This case series represents the first reported instances of patients developing PCO within two weeks of CE and IOL placement using the ROC technique. Conclusions: This case series sheds light on the occurrence of posterior capsular opacities shortly after CE and IOL placement using the ROC technique. It highlights the importance of preoperative patient education, postoperative monitoring, and prompt management of potential complications in cataract surgery. PMID: 38352587

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  • Posted

    Good article with educational content. Presents advantages of using femtosecond laser for a smaller and exact cut, lens placement options, myopic shift outcome, and keeping alternative lens in the operating room. Still think of ROC as Return of Capital, which is not always a bad thing.

  • Posted

    Keep in mind that Reverse Optic Capture is a rather rarely used procedure usually when the capsule that normally holds the lens has been ruptured. I would not extrapolate anything associated with it to a normally implanted lens fully within an intact capsule.

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