Osteochondroses

Authored by on
This article is for Medical Professionals

Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. You may find one of our health articles more useful.

This page has been archived. It has not been updated since 21/05/2010. External links and references may no longer work.

Synonyms: the ischaemic necroses

This group of conditions mainly affect children; and all involve a defect in ossification at either the bone epiphysis (growing plate), the joint surface itself, or at an apophysis (bony projection).[1]

When articular surfaces become ischaemic, osteochondritis develops - this is associated with avascular necrosis and sclerosis.

The underlying defect in the different osteochondroses is usually not known but the mechanism often relates to trauma or stress on the area affected. Commonly there is breakdown of the area with poor mineralisation. Articular surfaces that develop osteochondritis may fragment (osteochondral fracture = osteochondritis dissecans), eg in the knee, elbow, ankle, etc.

The osteochondroses are often classified as follows (click on links for separate related articles):

Further reading and references

  1. Pessler F, Sherry D; Osteochondroses,Merck Manual, 2008.

I have finally found info on Forestier's disease!!When I was first diagnosed back in 1988 my doctor had no material on this subject. I was told to go home and find it on my computer, which I did....

Guest
Health Tools

Feeling unwell?

Assess your symptoms online with our free symptom checker.

Start symptom checker
Listen