What is the difference between disordered eating and an eating disorder?
How to manage food guilt over Christmas
Christmas is an extremely food-focused holiday. Whether it's mince pies, turkey, roast potatoes, or the Quality Street we crack open while watching a festive film, food is everywhere. However, a heavier focus on food means the guilt afterwards can be more intense. This is especially the case as the "new year, new me" season approaches and diets are advertised endlessly.
What triggers food guilt at Christmas?
"Unfortunately, the things we see and hear, even from an early age, have a lifelong impact on us. It's ingrained in us to view food and drink as a 'treat' or a 'reward'. We also might 'punish' ourselves with food. Some people will try to 'be good' or diet all year, and then relax this at Christmas, as they feel like they've 'earned' it," says Dr Biggs.
"The supermarkets are stocked full of chocolates, desserts and nibbles. We might go to parties, have food at work or tuck into the mince pies that are on offer all day long. It's understandable why eating more might cause discomfort. Also, we forget that most of this food is available all year round but it is marketing that changes to entice us into buying it."
Some people might be lonely and turn to food, as Christmas without loved ones around is difficult. This time of year can be especially difficult for anyone struggling with an eating disorder or who already has a turbulent relationship with food.
What can you do in the lead-up to Christmas to minimise the risk of food guilt?
All foods in moderation are OK. If you restrict yourself too much, your body is more likely to crave and seek out the sugary, high-calorie foods as a quick-fix option.
Dr Biggs suggests planning your meals in advance. This can help in the lead-up to big occasions by reducing your anxiety. It's important to continue eating regular meals and snacks, even if you are planning on eating more over the Christmas period. You don't need to 'prepare' or feel 'deserving' of extra food.
What forms of self-care can you practise over the Christmas period to reduce stress and anxiety around food?
"Allow yourself to eat the things you want to and enjoy them. Try not to be disappointed in yourself if you have 'good intentions' but end up eating more than planned. That is fine," says Dr Biggs.
Food doesn't hold a moral value, so it is neither 'good' nor 'bad.' Therefore, it should be seen as a necessity, not a 'treat' or something to control.
Dr Biggs also recommends doing things in the build-up to Christmas to take your mind off food. Try to move more, go for walks, dance around your Christmas tree - anything you fancy. Remind yourself of all the great things your body is capable of and give it permission to eat. It needs food for fuel and energy.
"Practising mindful eating may help with those urges to eat more of your favourite foods. This allows you to actually enjoy what you are eating and take time with it, relishing the flavours. When doing this, it is important that we remove any distractions like phones, TV, or computers," Dr Biggs says.
What can you do after Christmas ends if the food guilt is still intense?
If you've eaten differently over Christmas, the compulsions to restrict afterwards might be high. However, Dr Biggs has five key words of advice: Don't go on a diet.
"Don't be too restrictive. It will only make you feel bad. You need to continue to fuel your body, regardless of what you ate over Christmas. Follow a realistic, well-balanced plan, but also don't be afraid to veer off plan and eat intuitively."
She also stresses the importance of addressing why eating makes you feel guilty. Identifying the underlying reasons for your food guilt can help you combat it. Speaking to a health and well-being coach could help with this.
"Don't just panic and sign up to a January resolution type of plan, as these mostly fail, which just makes you more miserable and even more anxious around food. When anxiety occurs around food, this can lead to disordered eating and, in severe cases, an eating disorder."
It is important to remember that an eating disorder is a mental health condition and needs treating as such with specialist input from psychiatrists and psychologists. Eating disorders can cause physical problems too.
How can you still make Christmas enjoyable if you are worried about food?
Dr Biggs' tips:
- Plan your meals and eat at normal times.
- Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated.
- Take time to think about how you are feeling and write it down.
- Talk to your friends about how you're feeling - talking about it helps.
- Spend time with loved ones.
- Don't place all your focus on what you're eating or how your body looks.
- Wear clothing that is comfortable for your body.
- Prioritise self-care.
When should you speak to a professional if you are struggling with food?
You can reach out at any point if you are struggling, and shouldn't just wait for things to get worse. Dr Biggs says each group of GP practices should have a health and well-being coach attached to it. This would be a good place to go to seek help in the first instance. If an eating disorder is suspected, then you will be referred to a specialist mental health team.