Dog and Cat Bites

Authored by Dr Mary Harding, 04 Jul 2017

Patient is a certified member of
The Information Standard

Reviewed by:
Prof Cathy Jackson, 04 Jul 2017

All but the most minor animal bites should probably be assessed and treated by a health professional - in particular, bites to hands.

Bites from cats and dogs are extremely common. The World Health Organization (WHO) reckons there are tens of millions of people affected by dog bites worldwide every year. Many of these injuries come from our own beloved pets. These bites range from trivial to lethal, and kids are particularly at risk.

Cats and dogs aren't that great at remembering to brush their teeth for two minutes twice a day. So their bites are reasonably likely to bring germs with them, which can go on to cause infection. So it's important to take their bites seriously in order to prevent problems.

Because of germs, it is very important to clean the wound. Good old water will do the job perfectly well. If possible, run water from the tap over it until it is clean. Let it bleed until it stops naturally, unless a lot of blood is being lost. If this is the case, then press firmly on it with a sterile dressing or clean pad.

Unless it is a very trivial bite, it is wise to seek medical advice. If the wound is bleeding heavily, attend an accident and emergency (A&E) or minor injuries unit. Also attend A&E if the bite is on an ear, nose or face, or if a child has been bitten on the head. For other bites, see your GP. See a doctor for any cat bite, as these are particularly likely to become infected.

In countries where rabies is a risk, see a doctor for even a trivial bite. If your tetanus jabs aren't up to date, see a health professional to have a booster.

Further reading and references

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